In 1964, the International Committee for the Standardization of Physical Fitness Tests (ICPSPFT) was founded in Tokyo, Japan, by a group of researchers in sports medicine, anthropometry, physiology of exercise and physical education, led by Prof. Leonard A. Larsen, U.S.A. The standardization process culminated in the publication of a book on standards pf physical fitness tests in 1974 (see reference list).
The book was the result of nine years of work including six international Symposia and comparative research in many countries around the world which aimed at the standardization of the tests.
In 1973, in Jyväskylä, Finland, a decision was made to change the name of the Committee to the International Council for Physical Fitness Research. In 1992, in Leuven, Belgium, a further change was made to the current title: International Council for Physical Activity and Fitness Research (ICPAFR). Since its foundation, the organisation has held 27 international Symposia in different countries.